Dear Prime Minister,
cc Deputy Prime Minister; Chair – ISC; Chair – Home Affairs committee; Chair – Joint Committee on the Draft Communications Data Bill; Chair – LIBE Committee of the European Parliament; Chair – Joint Committee on Human Rights;
Yesterday you said that you would be happy to listen to ideas to improve the oversight and operation of safeguards concerning our intelligence agencies.
This is an extremely welcome and timely intervention, and an offer that we would like to take up enthusiastically.
Below are just a few of the well-established proposals to improve the operation, scrutiny and safeguards of surveillance powers.
- Commission independent, post-legislative scrutiny of the Regulation of Investigative Powers Act 2000 and the Intelligence Services Act 1994, legislation that covers much internet surveillance but was written years before Facebook existed and when few households had internet access. If Parliament intends to allow the collection of data from every internet communication, it should expressly say so in primary legislation, covering both metadata and content
- Publish, as the US Government has done, legal opinions that are used to underpin the ongoing surveillance framework
- Allow the Intelligence and Security Committee to report to Parliament, and be chaired by an opposition MP, as called for by Lord King. It should also be able to employ technical experts to assist its work.
- Publish the budget and investigatory capacity of the ISC, Interception of Communications Commissioner and Surveillance Commissioners
- Reform the Investigatory Powers Tribunal so there is a presumption its hearings are held publicly, that it should state reasons for reaching its decisions and that its judgements can be appealed in court
- End the need for Secretaries of State to approve appearances of the heads of agencies before Parliamentary committees, and allow agency and service heads to give evidence in public where appropriate
- Establish an independent body to review the work of the agencies, as President Obama has done with the Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board, and ensure it has staff with relevant technical expertise
- Lift any legal restrictions on British companies from publishing transparency reports about surveillance requests
- Publish details of the use of surveillance powers broken down by agency, as opposed to the single UK figure currently published, including the scale of international intelligence sharing
- Enhance whistleblower protection for those who wish to come forward from within the services
We would be delighted to meet with you or members of your Government to discuss these issues. At a time when the internet is an inescapable part of daily life, the modern economy and the delivery of public services, it is surely paramount that the laws that govern surveillance are fit for a digital age, and that the safeguards that operate are robust, properly resourced and can command public confidence.
Anne Jellema, Chief Executive Officer, World Wide Web Foundation
Jim Killock, Executive Director, Open Rights Group
Gus Hosein, Executive Director, Privacy International
Guy Herbert, General Secretary, No2ID
Nick Pickles, Director, Big Brother Watch
Professor Peter Sommer
Ross Anderson, Professor of Security Engineering, Cambridge
Caspar Bowden, Independent privacy researcher
Douwe Korff, Professor of International Law, London Metropolitan University
Judith Rauhofer, University of Edinburgh
Duncan Campbell, Investigative journalist and author of European Parliament report on Echelon