With the publication of the second report by the US’s Privacy and Civil Liberties Board (PCLOB), the ball is now firmly in the UK Government’s court. The report added to the US’s response to the revelations made by Edward Snowden and places the lack of a response on this side of the Atlantic in stark contrast.
The report focused on Section 702 of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, which allows authorisation for surveillance to be “conducted within the United States but targeting only non-US persons reasonably believed to be located outside of the United States.”
Whilst it was generally favourable to the US intelligence agencies and their activities, the report did make a series of recommendations. These included revising the NSA’s targeting procedures to include a set of criteria for determining the “foreign intelligence values” of a target and a written explanation for why a target has been selected and what information surveillance is likely to return. Perhaps the most interesting section concerns efforts aimed at improving accountability and transparency within the US intelligence community.